With smartphones and other data collecting devices, users may be able to decline to share much of their information, but it is inevitable that certain apps and database will hold information about you if you are an avid smartphone user – whether you know it or not! Whether you use autofill to save and reuse your information to quickly fill in forms (i.e., your name and date of birth), or even your credit card details, or if you fill out a profile on a social networking site, you have given up a significant degree of anonymity.
The most extensive source of data regarding a person’s health is their smartphone. While this can be useful if you fall ill as a healthcare professional or a person who has come to your aid can quickly access your smartphone if it is not password protected and find health details through systems like Apple’s Health app and CapzulePHP (an app that holds details regarding fitness, medication and more). In CapzulePHP access to emergency information can be obtained when a device is password-protected via QR code and text forms.
Despite the usefulness and benefits of health apps, Privacy Rights Clearinghouse carried out a thorough study of more than forty mobile health, which revealed considerable privacy risks for users of the apps. Unbeknownst to the individuals using the apps to store and analyse their personal health details, the information appeared to be unencrypted, precarious and used by the developers of the apps as well as third parties.
Privacy violations of health and fitness apps are by no means unheard of. In fact, in 2011 Fitbit mistakenly publicly revealed statistics of users’ sexual habits. Although this controversy was undoubtedly the result of mishandling information or a complete accident, it is a reminder to users of such technology and apps to

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