Renewable project developers are bearing the burden of decades of transmission planning focused on transmission owner needs. Renewable projects are dropping out of generator interconnection queues because of the high cost of transmission upgrade costs. PJM, MISO, SPP are all dealing with the same issue – high volume of renewables projects in their interconnection queue. None of the transmission solutions proposed are anywhere close to construction in the next 5 years. We need the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to step up to help renewable developers. We need multiple transmission projects and alternatives to transmission solutions to address this renewable need on the electric grid crossing state boundaries. Traditional T planning is more focused on what the Transmission Owner needs, not what the RE developer wantsIn normal transmission planning, the responsible planning authority is putting together a transmission line for meeting a) increased demand, b) retiring existing capacity, and c) replacing the old T line. With all of these options, it is the incumbent transmission owner who benefits. With a new capacity request, the interconnection customer’s responsibility is to pay for the transmission upgrade and the transmission owner to construct the upgrade. At some Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs), the interconnection customers can build, provided the transmission owner agrees. PJM process and workshopsPJM started generator interconnection workshops. Out of 2,000 projects in 2020-21 in the PJM queue, only 225 have signed interconnection agreements. MISO and SPP were at the same stage PJM is currently. Both MISO and SPP have a revamped FERC process for interconnections that are still struggling to clear the backlog before the new process. The new interconnection process at both MISO and SPP groups the studies received in a time window, then studies them together and assigns network upgrade costs to all the renewable projects based on their

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